Bassil K, C Vakil, M Sanborn, DC Cole, JS Kaur, KJ Kerr. 2007. Cancer Health Effects of Pesticides – Systematic Review. (Review of 104 studies.) Canadian Family Physician. October 2007. 53 (10). Online:

Chief Public Health Office, Prince Edward Island (PEI). 2015. Pesticides and Human Health. (Review of 365 studies.) Prepared by Carolyn Sanford, DVM, PhD, David Sabapathy, MD, MBA, MSc, PEng, FRCPC, Heather Morrison, MD, MPhil, DPhil, CCDP(EM), and Katherine Gaudreau RN, BScN, MSc. Online:

Ontario College of Family Physicians (OCFP). 2012 Systematic Review of Pesticide Health Effects. (Review of 142 studies.) Prepared by Marg Sanborn, MD, CCFP, FCFP, Kate Bassil, MSc, PhD, Cathy Vakil, MD, CCFP, FCFP, Kathleen Kerr, MD, MCFP, Dip. Env. Health, and Kelsey Ragan, MPH. Online:

Sanborn M, Kerr KJ, Sanin LH, Cole DC, Bassil KL, Vakil C. 2007. Non-cancer health effects of pesticides – Systematic review and implications for family doctors. (Review of 124 studies.) Canadian Family Physician. October 2007. 53 (10). Online:


Organic Food Council of Manitoba

Winnipeg Humane Society


Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (CAPE):  Browse resources under “Toxics”

Canadian Environmental Law Association

Canadian Wildlife Federation

David Suzuki Foundation


Prevent Cancer Now

Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario

United Food and Commercial Workers


Beyond Pesticides (USA)

Health and Environment Alliance (Europe)

Pesticide Action Network – Europe (Europe)

Pesticide Action Network – North America (primarily USA)

Pesticide Action Network – UK (Great Britain)


In Scientific Research – Environmental Health Perspectives, 2001

Historical Development – IISD, 2020



Municipal Weed Control: Lessons from Ground Zero – Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (October 2018). A study looking at how managers of green spaces in six Canadian cities are keeping weeds at bay without resorting to riskier pesticides.

Letter to Manitoba Minister of Sustainable Development – Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (June 2018)

Local Health and Environment Advocates Urge Province to Maintain Cosmetic Pesticide Ban – CPBM News Release (May 23, 2018)


Overview: Pesticides and Human Health – Backgrounder, Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (August 2017)


Cosmetic Pesticides – Provincial Policies and Municipal Bylaws: Lessons Learned and Best Practices – Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment (August 2016)

Restricting Non-Essential Uses Of Pesticides in Manitoba – Cosmetic Pesticide Ban Manitoba position paper (updated November 2016)


Pesticide Safety: Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development – Auditor General of Canada (Fall 2015). Health Canada has published a response to the recommendations in the report of the Commissioner (updated July 2018).

The Environment Act (Manitoba Statutes) – Sections 40.4 to 40.10 on cosmetic pesticides (amendments passed in 2014)

Non-Essential Pesticide Use Regulation – Government of Manitoba (2014)

Recommendations for a Provincial Ban on the Cosmetic Use of Pesticides – Background Paper, Manitoba Round Table for Sustainable Development (April 2011)